Park Rafut was built in the first half of the 19th century over an area of 3 hectares, only half of which is considered Laščak’s work. The park is located near the Slovenian-Italian Border, a few minutes from Nova Gorica in a peaceful suburb, under the Konstanjevica monastey with a gorgeous view of the castle in Italian Gorizia. The Rafut estate consists of the Neoislamic villa Rafut and the exotic park surrounding it, both were designed in 1914 by the architect Antonio Laščak. Troughout the estate you can see the influence of oriental architecture, this is accounted to eclecticism and to the fact that the architect spent many years abroad, working in the Middle East.
DESCRIPTION UNIT OF HERITAGE:
Type of heritage: landscape arhitecture heritage.
Unit type: buldings with parks and gardens.
The textual description of the unit: A villa, built in Islamic style with a symbolic minater and majectic entrance. Surrounded by a park, designed in the style from the beginning of the 20th century, using exotic plants, organic derivative planted asymmetricaly and orthogonaly. Architect A. Laščak.
Dated units: the first quarter of the 20th century 1909-1914.
Author: Antonio Laščak (architect 1909-1914).
Protection guidelines: parks and gardens, bulding parks or gardens.
LOCATION OF THE HERITAGE UNIT
Municipality: Nova Gorica.
Location: Villa Park is located at Pristava between the city center and the Rožna Dolina below the hill Rafut.
Type of monument: monument of local importance.
Type of delivery: a permanent declaration of cancellation.
The validity of the declaration: 1.8.2003 –
Visitors enter the exotic ambient trought the porter – salamlik which is made in a neoislamic style.
After passing the gatehouse visitors step on a path once surrounded by a twin tree avenue and continue up a winding walkway trough the park to the villa. The visitor can also chose to ascend to the villa via the stairs that run parallel to the walkway. When walking the stairs and interesting perception of space is created, due to the views and angles that are constantly changing because of Laščaks clever use of the slope of terain. The villa was designed between years 1909 and 1914 with great care. The villa represents the only example of romantic historical residential architecture in Slovenia and greatly stands out from the parks vegetation because its walls are built from red bricks. An important element of the villa is the 23 meters high tower – minaret tipical for Indo-Muslim art.
The villa and the park complement eachother which is tipical for 20th century architecture. Experts believe that the use of foreign elements in architecture, economic and cultural developement, industrial growth and with it a greater influx of goods are the circumstances which influenced the use of exotic plants. With this the Rafut park is extraordinary in it’s dendrological diversity. Among various species of plants some of the more precious are examples of cyprus, squoia, unique examples of camellia, cork-oak tree and camphor trees.
The park contains some interesting elements, which represent frequently used features in landscape architectural art. At the center of the staircase we can see a resting place under a pergola. Two concrete benches provide for a place to rest in the shade of a pergola, entwined with a glycine rose which gives of a stunning smell during season. This is one of the two resting places in the park. The other being the mold used for the making of the tower dome, which Laščak then equipped with benches and placed in the park.
1. Current status:
The park and villa are currently closed and in need of renovation.
There needs to be a public-private partnership in the implementation of the project: “Renovation of Vila Rafut”. The project includes the reconstruction and organization of real estate withing Park Rafut villa.
Park Rafut seeks a public-private partnership, where the Park and Vila need to be renovated together as a unit.
2. Investment opportunity
Vila Rafut stands in a great location in the middle of the two Goricas: Italian and Slovenian. It is situated in a peaceful suburb while still being only a few minutes from the center of Nova Gorica. Park Rafut is a great investment opportunity for renovation, because the Vila’s style enables for insertion of some modern elements and thus giving new live to the park. There is also a possibility for investment inside the park where a new hotel could be built, honoring the style of the park and villa. Another important aspect of the renovation is that both the park and villa must be renovated together as to keep with Laščaks wish to preserve the unity of the estate.
3. Project advantages:
The location of the estate is very favourable. It lies 25km from Tieste – Friuli Venezia Guilia Airport, 133km from the Marco Polo di Venezia Airport and 125km from Airport Ljubljana-Jože Pučnik.
Park Rafut is a great opportunity for a renovation of a unique romantic historical villa in islamic ornamentation.
With the renovation of the park we can present a rich arboretum with rare trees that are unknown in Goriška region.
The estate should be renovanted and shown to the world. Inside the Vila there could be various offices, such as the representatives of economical, consulate and cultural offices or different research programs, institutes about Middle East, South Africa or Muslim culture. The villa is also suitable to contain a small library and a reading room. Because of its exclusivity the villa is also suitable for receptions of senior officers and businessmans.